History and origin of Runes
The discovery of Runes for the humanity appears in Odin's legend. C'est dans un de ses poèmes de l'Edda qu'il explique comment il en comprit la signification It is in one of his poems of Edda that He explains how He understood their meaning and which He explains us that these symbols engraved on the stone are a wonderful way to see beyond the perceptible.
Here is an extract of the poem of HAVAMAL where Odin presents us the runes:
I know that I hung on a windy tree
No bread did they give me nor a drink from a horn,
Runes you will find, and readable staves,
For the gods by Odhinn, for the elves by Dain,
Know how to cut them, know how to read them,
Better ask for too little than offer too much,
We shall notice thanks to the extract of this poem that runes possess many side.
Runes are by nature, not only an alphabet ( FUTHARK ) and a writing, but that runes possess unquestionably a bottom and an initiatory purpose.
Futhark or runic alphabet possesses three levels of reading:
History of Runes
Runes crossed more than two millenniums and propagated into the world with more or less success.
Of heathen origin, they were used at first for the divination and the magic, then as writing for trading and archiving. Christian Church used them, more later and sparingly, as inscriptions on baptismal fonts and crosses. However in the XVIIth century in Iceland, whoever held runes could be liable to the death penalty. The runes traditions were demonized and Wagner, inspired by falsified legends, made of the Germanic and Scandinavian mythology a violent culture and bloodthirsty warriors.
Runes were also hijacked in political purposes during half of the XXth century under the Nazi regime what gave them a certain bad reputation. Indeed the nazi swastika is directly inspired of Swastika, symbol which we also find in the Tibetan culture, and which represents the Solar Cross (sunrise, zenith, sunset and at night) but also the four seasons (spring, summer, autumn, winter) as well as the four stars marking the four cardinal points of the year ( Antares, Aldebaran, Regulus and Fomalhaut). It's the same for the Sowilo rune representing the goddess of the Sun, the Source of the Life which was hijacked by the "SS" initials .
In front of trauma left by the Nazism, by the sects of all types and the others scatterbrain satanic, the Wisdom of runes was forgotten and its Traditions were perceived as malefic. Nevertheless by separating the wheat from the chaff, it is easy to notice that the Scandinavians traditions are badly known and that on the contrary they are carriers of a big Respect for the nature and a big Wisdom.
Runes will return under their true nature thanks to certain spiritual movements " New Age " because the Knowledge and the Rune's Knowledge were never forgotten.